Spiritual Quotient

Spiritual Quotient (SQ) and Spiritual Intelligence (SI) Are Comparatively New Fields

  • Spiritual quotient and spiritual intelligence are not the part of scientific terminologies yet. They may become some day.
  • Clinical definition of SI or SQ is not available. Yet, there is a growing understanding of these two terms (SI and SQ) among many and they believe that these exist.
  • We hear lots of these terms frequently: spiritual intelligence, spiritual quotient, spiritual relation quotient, soul’s intelligence, cosmic intelligence, self-actualization etc.
  • Human being’s interest ever multiplies in both the directions: the scientific and empirical.
  • It will be interesting to explore this subject of SI and SQ.

Finer Is Stronger

  • We think muscles are powerful because with them we can lift heavy weights.
  • But come to think of it, they are not because it is the tiny thread like structures called neurons that give power to muscles. The moment we disconnect the neurons in the brain from muscles, the muscles just can’t function.
  • These neurons actually bring the power from something still finer- thoughts and perhaps, something more fine.
  • So, the greatest power lies in fine and not in coarse.
  • SQ and SI are those finer things.

…….. Now It Is SQ

  • All along it was IQ that was thought to be supreme- the cognitive and rational intelligence.
  • Then came the concept of emotional intelligence (EI) and emotional quotient (EQ) some time during mid 1990s. It was thought that our emotions and those of others and how to manage them were as important or even more important. EQ was thought to be the basic requirement for better use of IQ.
  • It is known that if the brain areas with which we feel get damaged, we would think less effectively.
  • And lately, we have added a new dimension to human intelligence- the SQ. It is considered to be the ultimate intelligence.
  • It is believed that it is through SQ that we are in a position to solve the issues related with meaning and value.
  • Some examples of the issues related to meaning and value are the constant search of human beings for answers to the fundamental and ultimate questions like: Why was I born? What is the meaning of my life? Does my work give me the satisfaction I need? Do I relate to myself and to the other people well? What way am I contributing to my and others’ happiness? Should I go on even when I am tired or depressed? What makes it all worthwhile?
  • Answers to such questions lead us to happiness and SQ helps to answer these questions better than what IQ and EQ in their separate capacities are capable of.

SQ Defined

IQ + EQ = SQ

  • Human beings are different from animals and computers because of SQ. Animals can have EQ and computers can have IQ but they won’t have SQ.
  • SQ is all about holistic approach to life: the wholesomeness, self-awareness, compassion, creativity, ability to think, ability to reason out etc; all of this together.
  • SI equips us to look at and solve the problems of meaning and value and then we begin to direct our thoughts, actions and so, our lives towards wider and meaningful horizons.
  • With SI or SQ, we can distinguish more clearly the right from the wrong. It empowers us to compare various life paths.
  • SQ is the foundation on which should lie our IQ and EQ.
  • SI is ultimate intelligence.

Three Psychological Processes

  1. Primary process EQ: based on associative neural wiring in the brain.
  2. Secondary process IQ: based on serial neural wiring in the brain.
  3. Tertiary process SQ: based on third neural system in the brain, the synchronous neural oscillations that unify and integrate the data across the brain. The process facilitates interactions between emotions and logic. Thus it provides a meaning giving center.

SQ Should Not Be Confused With Religion

  • There is no correlation that religious people have to have high SQ or non-religious people have to have low SQ.
  • While conventional religion is set of beliefs, rules and guidelines imposed from external environment, SI (SQ) is the intelligence that rests internally and if used, provides us that wisdom which is beyond any ego and which recognizes the existing values and empowers us with creativity to discover even new values.

Some Early Scientific Evidence

After early 1990s, some research has been carried out by neuropsychologists and neurologists. They propagate existence of “God spot” in the human brain. This built-in spiritual center is located among neural connections in the temporal lobes of the brain. Taking scans using positron emission topography, it was found that these neural areas light up whenever the research subjects were drawn to the discussions on spiritual topics. However, “God spot” has nothing to do with proving the existence or non-existence of God.

Indicators of High SQ

  • Self-awareness
  • Flexibility and adaptability
  • Ability and capacity to face, use and transcend pain and suffering.
  • Vision
  • Values
  • Wisdom not to harm or hurt others and self
  • Holistic approach and views
  • Appetite for seeking answers to fundamental questions by using “why” and “what if”
  • Courage to work against conventions if necessary.

Related Reading

  1. Part II: Spiritual Quotient and Spiritual Intelligence Continuedhttp://shyam.bhatawdekar.net/index.php/2017/10/19/spiritual-quotient-and-spiritual-intelligence-continued/
  2. Emotional Intelligence: shyam.bhatawdekar.net/?s=emotional+intelligence

Books Suggested for Your Professional, Personal and Organizational Libraries (All the titles listed below are available as paperbacks and eBooks online from Amazon- you can read the ebooks absolutely free if you are kindleunlimited, KOLL or Amazon Prime subscribers)

Management, Business, Self-help and Personality Development Books

  1. HSoftware (Human Software) (The Only Key to Higher Effectiveness)
  2. Sensitive Stories of Corporate World (Management Case Studies)
  3. Sensitive Stories of Corporate World (Volume 2) (Management Case Studies)
  4. Classic Management Games, Exercises, Energizers and Icebreakers
  5. Classic Management Games, Exercises, Energizers and Icebreakers (Volume 2)
  6. Classic Team Building Games, Exercises, Energizers and Icebreakers
  7. 101 Classic Management Games, Exercises, Energizers and Icebreakers
  8. Stress? No Way!! (Handbook on Stress Management)
  9. HSoftware (Shyam Bhatawdekar’s Effectiveness Model)
  10. Competency Management (Competency Matrix and Competencies)
  11. Soft Skills You Can’t Do Without (Goal Setting, Time Management, Assertiveness and Anger Management)
  12. Essentials of Work Study (Method Study and Work Measurement)
  13. Essentials of Time Management (Taking Control of Your Life)
  14. Essentials of 5S Housekeeping
  15. Essentials of Quality Circles
  16. Essentials of Goal Setting
  17. Essentials of Anger Management
  18. Essentials of Assertive Behavior
  19. Essentials of Performance Management and Performance Appraisal
  20. Health Essentials (Health Is Wealth)
  21. Essentials of Effective Communication
  22. The Romance of Intimacy (How to Enhance Intimacy in a Relationship?)

Novels, Stories, Biographies and Travelogues

  1. The Peace Crusaders (Novel: how the peace crusaders established permanent peace on a war strewn planet?)
  2. Love Knows No Bounds (Novel: a refreshingly different love story. Also available with the title “Good People”)
  3. Funny (and Not So Funny) Short Stories
  4. Stories Children Will Love (Volume 1: Bhanu-Shanu-Kaju-Biju and Dholu Ram Gadbad Singh)
  5. My Father (Biography)
  6. Travelogue: Scandinavia, Russia
  7. Travelogue: Europe

For More Guidance, Assistance, Training and Consultation

Contact: prodcons@prodcons.com

Originally posted at http://spiritual-quotient.blogspot.com/ Friday, July 31, 2009

(Refer our High Quality Management Encyclopedia “Management Universe” at: http://management-universe.blogspot.com/)

You may like to enjoy reading all the “Management Anecdotes” authored by Shyam Bhatawdekar at: http://management-anecdotes.blogspot.com/

For Musings of Shyam Bhatawdekar on various topics refer http://shyam-bhatawdekar-musings.blogspot.com/

For “out of box thinking” articles by Shyam Bhatawdekar, refer: (Out of Box Ideas) http://wow-idea.blogspot.com/

Read other blogs and knols of Shyam Bhatawdekar at: (Home Page for Writings of Shyam Bhatawdekar) http://writings-of-shyam.blogspot.com/

For Booking Shyam Bhatawdekar’s Management Seminars

Contact Prodcons Group at: prodcons@prodcons.com


About Shyam Bhatawdekar

35 years’ industrial/business experience as a top executive & 35 years’ parallel academic/consultancy experience in general management, behavioral sciences & technology. Areas: general management, production, human resources, industrial engineering, systems, MIS, computers, corporate planning, audit, sales/marketing. Penchant for information technology & behavioral sciences; integrated with conventional technology makes him unique thought leader. Conversant with academic theories & realities of business, fuses the two into practical approaches. Was associated with Tata Motors, Hindustan Motors, Hindustan Aeronautics & ThyssenKrupp; held top positions as highflier executive. Presently Chairman & Managing Director, Prodcons Group associating with 250 organizations; providing management & I T consultations & conducting seminars/workshops. Been a faculty for IIM’s, TMTC, Railway & HAL Staff Colleges, Symbiosis. Speaker with 35000 hours’ experience benefitting more than 100,000 people. Published 35 articles in Economic Times, Indian Management & Computers Today. Authored 27 books. Invited as key speaker in seminars by AIMA, HRD Network, NIPM, QCFI, CSI, NPC. Widely traveled. Education: Engineering & Management.
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24 Responses to Spiritual Quotient

  1. Anirudh K. Satsangi says:


    Religion and Yoga reflect identical meaning. Religion (re-ligare) means union again with Ultimate Reality or binding back to Absolute. Yoga is the derivative of Sanskrit root ‘yuj’ which means yoking of power of body, mind and soul. Yoga primarily consists of concentration, meditation and realization apart from practicing asans, mudras and breath control which help to achieve concentration and physical and emotional well-being. Yoga is experimental technique of spiritualism. Religion is blend of ritual and spiritual. Rituals dominate religion these days. Whereas rituals are altogether not necessary for practicing yoga.

    Yoga in India has been practiced since the dawn of the human civilization, according to Hindu mythology millions of year back.

    In Bhagavad-Gita Lord SriKrishna says to Arjuna:

    “I taught this immortal Yoga to Vivasvan (sun-god), Vivasvan conveyed it to Manu(his son), and Manu imparted it to (his son) Iksvaku. Thus transmitted to succession from father to son, Arjuna, this Yoga remained known to the Rajarisis (royal sages). It has however long since disappeared from this earth. The same ancient Yoga has this day been imparted to you by Me, because you are My devotee and friend, and also because this is a supreme secret”.

    At this Arjuna said: You are of recent origin while the birth of Vivasvan dates back to remote antiquity. How, then, I am to believe that you taught this Yoga at the beginning of creation? Lord SriKrishna said: Arjuna, you and I have passed through many births. I remember them all, you do not remember.

    Famous historian Romila Thapar has described in her book A History of India about the status of Yoga in 300-700 A.D. She writes: “Yoga (Application) which was based on the control of the body physically and implied that a perfect control over the body and the senses led to knowledge of the ultimate reality. A detailed anatomical knowledge of the human body was necessary to the advancement of yoga and therefore those practising yoga had to keep in touch with medical knowledge.”
    As far as anatomical knowledge of human body is concerned it is very much required for the optimum result during practice of Yoga. Yoga system has very close connection with the human anatomy i.e. chakra or nerve centres distributed along the spinal column and in brain region.

    Besides, connection chakras with the practice of Yoga, chakra has also great role in the development of personality. People do not realise that personalities can grow to include a balance of all the six chakras. Jung referred to this growth process as “individuation”, and associated it with life’s spiritual dimension. Danah Zohar evolves a model of spiritual quotient (sq) based on the six petals of a lotus and its centre, corresponding to the seven chakras described by the Hinduism’s Kundalini Yoga, as an aid to the process of individuation in the mid-1990s. Contribution of Danah Zohar for coining the term spiritual quotient for the first time is immense. But she did not establish any mathematical relationship, which is very much required, for this quotient.

    Deepak Chopra has given a formula of spiritual quotient in terms of Deed (D) and Ego (E). According to Deepak Chopra S.Q. =D/E. He (2006) writes: If Vedanta is right and there is only one reality, then all desires must follow the same mechanics, desires arise and are fulfilled in consciousness. Making yourself happy involves ….. I have a ” Spiritual Quotient” where SQ = D/E. Where D = Deeds and E = Ego. Now you can ONLY have an SQ = infinity when E = 0. If E is little even then SQ is approaching infinity (or one is close to be a “Great Master”) but not actually “Pure .This appears to be very fascinating but it is highly abstract which cannot be measured experimentally, accurately and precisely. However, this formula has immense value to understand S.Q.

    I have also discovered a mathematical relationship for S.Q about eight years back in 2001. I have used physiological parameters which can be measured accurately and precisely and can be tested and verified experimentally. According to this formula S.Q. can be expressed as the ratio of parasympathetic dominance (P.D.) to sympathetic dominance (S.D.). Parasympathetic nervous system (PSNS) and sympathetic nervous system (SNS) are the two parts of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) which is largely under hypothalamic control. Hypothalamus is situated very close to the Sixth Chakra. During practice of meditation at Sixth Chakra these centres are galvanized which has very positive effect on practitioners spiritual, emotional, psychological and physical well being.

    According to this relationship spiritual quotient can be written as:

    S.Q. = P.D./S.D.
    If the value of S.Q. comes >1 (greater than one), it can be assumed that the person is moving towards self-realisation and if the value of S.Q. comes <1 (smaller than one) it can be predicted that the person is living under stress.

    There are various types of meditation available, which are being practiced by sages, saints, seers and others. The difference in various versions lies in the fact that these practices involve concentration to meditate at different centres known as Chakra in Yoga System. These chakras are, in fact, energy centres which correspond to nerve centres distributed along the spinal column and in brain region.

    Some practitioners start to meditate at Basic/Root Chakra (Muladhara) – situated at the base of spine, some at Heart Chakra (Anahata Chakra), some at Ajna Chakra – Optic Chiasma – Master Chakra and some from even higher centres situated in the brain region. Among all these types of meditation, practice at sixth chakra is considered to be the most ideal which brings about optimum results.

    Sixth Chakra is situated very close to hypothalamus. The hypothalamus is a portion of brain that contains a number of small nuclei with a variety of functions. One of the most important functions of the hypothalamus is to link nervous system to the endocrine system via the pituitary glands.

    Autonomic nervous system (ANS) is largely under hypothalamic control. ANS consists of parasympathetic nervous system (PSNS) and sympathetic nervous system (SNS). PSNS is activated during meditative calm and during stress SNS is activated. When PSNS is activated, heart rate, breathing rate, blood pressure decreased. Supply of blood in the digestive tract increased. When SNS is activated heart rate, breathing rate, blood pressure increased. Supply of blood to the muscles and exterior organs increased and to the digestive tract decreased. In addition to these, there are many other parameters which can be compared. Parasympathetic Dominance (P.D.) is the state of PSNS activation and Sympathetic Dominance (S.D.) is the state of SNS activation. Instruments are available in medical science to measure these parameters.
    Now we can assign numerical value to each parameter. Then put the value in the formula for S.Q. and see the result. We can show the calculation as mentioned below:

    S.Q.= P.D./S.D. = Σ X / Σ Y
    Where X=x1+x2+x3+ …….
    And Y=y1+y2+y3+…….
    During PSNS activation (P.D.), we assign ‘1’ to each parameter (x1+x2+x3+…..) and ‘0’ to each parameter (y1+y2+y3+…..). During SNS activation (S.D.), we assign ‘1’ to each parameter (y1+y2+y3+…) and ‘0’ to each parameter (x1+x2+x3+….).

    By putting the numerical value, thus achieved, in the above formula for S.Q. we can calculate the Spiritual Quotient of an individual.

  2. Anirudh K. Satsangi says:

    The psychology has always been in a continuous pursuit of finding the best tool to predict the qualities of an individual. IQ, EQ and SQ are tools to predict the individual’s abilities, qualities and potentialities.

    The IQ theory is based on left brain of human being. It emphasized mathematical computation, logic and technical formulations. EQ theory made both the hemispheres of brain its basis. Not only left brain qualities of computation and calculation but also the right brain qualities of taste, aesthetics, compassion and empathy determine the probability of success of an individual. SQ is the third value in a set of three measurements. This is not limited to an individual’s brain area only.

    Practice of concentration to meditate at the optic chiasma and pineal gland leads to experiencing ecstasy, bliss, spiritual elevation and ultimately self-realisation.

    Wilhelm Stern had given the formula for Intelligence Quotient (IQ). Daniel Goleman described the importance of Emotional Quotient(EQ). Tony Buzan coined the term Spiritual Intelligence for the first time. Zohar and Marshall proposed Spiritual Intelligence as the “Ultimate Intelligence”.

    Deepak Chopra described SQ as the ratio of Deed(D) and Ego(E).

    I have also attempted to describe EQ as the product of IQ and wisdom(W) and SQ as the ratio of parasympathetic dominance(PSD) and sympathetic dominance(SD). Both PSD and SD are physiological parameters and can be measured experimentally to put their values in the formula for SQ.

    SQ leverages both IQ and EQ.

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